בשל "הגנת זכויות יוצרים", מובא להלן קישור למאמר בלבד. לקריאתו בטקסט מלא, אנא פנה לספרייה הרפואית הזמינה לך.
Neurotrophic keratopathy (NK) is a devastating degenerative disease of the ocular surface, resulting in progressive corneal epithelial defects, ulceration, melting and in severe cases perforation.
The disease results from dysfunction of trigeminal nerve afferents to the cornea; aetiologies include herpetic infection, ocular surgery, skull base tumours and surgery, brainstem cerebrovascular accidents, and congenital trigeminal nerve hypoplasia.
The pathophysiology of NK encompasses loss of trophic support to the cornea, causing morphological and metabolic disturbances, and loss of sensory feedback, resulting in impaired blink and tearing reflexes.
Though bandage contact lenses and topical medical therapies may halt disease progression and stimulate corneal healing,3 they do not address its underlying cause.
Terzis et al described reinnervation of the insensate cornea by direct surgical transfer of contralateral supraorbital and supratrochlear nerve branches to the perilimbal region as a means to reverse NK progression.
Elbaz et al described a modification of this technique employing an interposition nerve autograft between the cornea and supratrochlear nerve to reduce procedural morbidity.